The transition from a traditional to a Western lifestyle and its effect on the interrelation between diet, gut microbiome and health

HDHL INTIMIC cofunded call “Interrelation of the Intestinal Microbiome, Diet and Health” (IM 2017)
The transition from a traditional to a Western lifestyle and its effect on the interrelation between diet, gut microbiome and health
Mihai Netea
Radboud university medical center
The Netherlands


Partner Organization Partner Country
University of BonnGermany
University of Florence-Meyer Children HospitalItaly

1. Overall project description

1.1 Summary

Chronic diseases have increased to epidemic proportions in Western countries. The
composition of the gut microbiota influences health and disease. The comprehensive,
systems biology approach of the Human Functional Genomics Project (HFGP) offers
unprecedented opportunities to unravel to effects of gut microbiome on health and
disease. Still, important gaps in our knowledge remain of how diet influences the
composition of the microbiome and its effects on health. TransMic aims to fill these gaps
by studying the effects of traditional versus modern ‘Western’ diets on gut microbiome
and the functional consequences for health. Data from cohorts from populations in
different phases of the demographic transition from Tanzania (Work Package1), Burkina
Faso (WP2) and Europe will be used and analyzed using the comprehensive HFGP
approach (WP3). In addition, a short dietary intervention will be performed switching
young subjects from a Western to a traditional diet and vice versa (WP4). Omics-based
data, including microbiome composition, genetics, transcriptome, metabolome and
lipidome will be related to functional data, such as immune responses. This large-scale
analysis will provide important fundamental insights in the effects of diet on microbiome
and health in general and the health effects of ‘westernization’ of diet in particular. It will
thereby provide the necessary data for future innovative interventions to improve health,
such as directed dietary microbiota modulation.

1.2 Highlights

4. Impact

4.1 List of publications

AuthorsTitleYear, Issue, PPPartners NumberDoiPdf

4.2 Presentation of the project

Target groupAuthorsMeans of communicationHyperlinkPdf

4.3 List of submitted patents and other outputs

Patent licencePartners involvedYearInternational eu or national patentCommentPdf


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