Development and evaluation of a web-based diet quality screener for vegans

HDHL-INTIMIC: Standardised measurement, monitoring and/or biomarkers to study food intake, physical activity and health (STAMIFY 2021)
Development and evaluation of a web-based diet quality screener for vegans
Eva Schernhammer
Medical University of Vienna - Center for Public Health - Department of Epidemiology


Partner Organization Partner Country
Research Institute for Plant-Based Nutrition (IFPE)Germany
Ghent University - Faculty of Medicine - Department of Public HealthBelgium
Královské Vinohrady University HospitalCzech Republic
Institute of Microbiology of the CASCzech Republic
IdiSNA-University of NavarraSpain

1. Overall project description

1.1 Summary

The objectives of the project have not changed, and the project progress continues to be according to plan as well as the objectives being up-to-date and realistic.

The most significant outcome and highlight in this first interim reporting period is that the central tool of this project, the VEGANScreener, was developed on schedule by the end of December 2022 (Deliverable 4), using a structured process. To do this, our approach combined best practices for developing nutrition quality metrics with approaches to scale development and included: a) a literature synthesis on nutrition and health outcomes (Deliverable 3); b) an expert review of the evidence; and c) translation of the evidence into a measurement tool. We used a modified Delphi technique to solicit international expert opinion, which involved identifying a pool of items in different domains of diet quality, followed by two rounds of online feedback and voting, and a final online consensus session that led to the conversion of the items into measurable indicators of diet quality. This instrument (VEGANScreener) was subsequently translated into the 4 national languages of the participating centers (German, Dutch/Flemish, Spanish, and Czech) in an iterative process.

In a parallel, the study protocol for the field studies was established (Deliverable 1), and positive ethics committee votes were obtained in the 4 participating countries, the Consortium Agreement and Data Transfer Agreements were drafted in coordination with the respective legal departments and signed by all partners, and the required questionnaires and instruments were drafted and subsequently transferred to RedCap in 4 languages in close collaboration with the teams around the PIs of the respective countries where data are collected (Germany, Czech Republic, Belgium, and Spain). The start of the field study could therefore take place with a delay of one month but still approximately on schedule on April 1, 2023 and the data collection will run until autumn/end of 2023.

As far as we have seen so far, now that the first approx. 246 subjects have been brought into the study (152 in Czech Republic, 94 in Spain), we are pleased to report that there have been no significant problems to date. The process of entering the data into the prepared RedCap portal has worked very well so far, especially but not only because the on-site training of the subjects by the teams of field study leaders was carried out according to protocol and the respective procedures had been trained accordingly in advance. A video was produced in which the complex blood samples were presented in detail in order to provide the respective study centers with a standardized procedure. On May 3, we had our six-month consortium meeting, which also included our advisory board meeting. We discussed the procedures with the 3-member international Advisory Board and presented the progress in subject recruitment in order to obtain the feedback of this group of experts.

1.2 Highlights

- VEGANScreener: the tool has been developed by a team of international experts and has been piloted in four countries in 2023
- Recruitment of vegans and omnivores in Spain, Germany, and Belgium on the way
- Recruitment in Czech Republic successfully completed
- VEGANScreener methodology to be presented at the 14th European Nutrition Conference FENS 2023 in Belgrade, Serbia (14-17 November, 2023)
- VEGANScreener team partnering up with colleagues from Switzerland for expanding data collection in one more European country

4. Impact

4.1 List of publications

AuthorsTitleYear, Issue, PPPartners NumberDoiPdf

4.2 Presentation of the project

Target groupAuthorsMeans of communicationHyperlinkPdf
General audienceOnline/webLink
General audienceOnline social mediaLink
Vegans in GermanyOnline/webLink
Vegans in SpainOnline/webLink
General audience in GermanyWebsite of the Ministry of Education and Science, GermanyLink

4.3 List of submitted patents and other outputs

Patent licencePartners involvedYearInternational eu or national patentCommentPdf

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s
H2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement n.696300

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